List of Mountain Ranges in India: India is home to many mountain ranges in the world. The Himalayan mountain range and the Aravalli range are among the most prominent. Mountain ranges are a very important natural resource. It is home to a variety of plants and animals. Besides, it is valuable to humans because it is home to various rivers and other resources of importance. The highest peak in India is Kanchenjunga, located in Sikkim. Its height is 8586 metres. K2 has an elevation of 8,611 metres, but it is not considered the highest peak in India as it is located in Pakistan (on the other side of the Local Line of Control).
Highest Peak of Himalayas in India
Highest Peak in India, everyone who has heard of India, whether resident in the country or living abroad, knows the Indian subcontinent for its diversity, not only culturally and linguistically, but also in terms of its natural topography, including valleys, mountains, rivers, flora, and nature.
UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE) aspirants should always have an atlas while studying this subject. Here we are listing the highest peaks of every state in India which is important for geography for UPSC Prelims and Mains examination.
List of Mountain Ranges and Hills in India
Kanchenjunga is the highest mountain peak in India and ranks as the third highest peak in the world at 8,586 meters (28,169 ft). It is located on the border of India and Nepal in the Himalayan range of Sikkim. Anamudi is the highest peak in the Western Ghats of India and also the highest point in southern India.
Top 10 Highest Peaks in India 2024:
Here is the complete list of mountain ranges in India with their brief details:
|Height (in meters)
|The highest peak in the Indian subcontinent is located between Baltistan and Xinjiang and the second-highest peak in the world.
|The highest peak in India and the third-highest peak in the world. Also known as “Five Snow Treasures”
|It is the second-highest peak in India and the 23rd-highest peak worldwide. Nanda Devi National Peak is located near the summit and has some of the best high-altitude flora and fauna. This is the highest peak located entirely in India
|The third highest peak in the country but not as accessible as others due to its location. It is located near the Tibetan Plateau
|It is located near the Siachen Glacier, one of the longest glaciers in the world. Saltoro Kangri is ranked the 31st highest independent peak in the world.
|Located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, it is a group of five majestic mountain peaks, and this mountain peak is the 35th highest mountain peak in the world.
|It is located near the remote area of the Siachen Glacier and is the 48th independent peak in India
|The Rimo is a part of the Great Karakoram ranges. It is the 71st-highest peak in the world.
|This peak is also known as the ‘Temple of God’ and is one of the oldest peaks in the Kumaon Himalayas
|It is located in the Garhwal district of Uttrakhand. It is a part of the Gangotri Group of ranges which includes a total of four peaks
|The name of this mountain peak is taken from the weapon of Lord Shiva. It is one of three mountain peaks located in the Kumaon Himalaya in Uttrakhand.
Highest Mountain Peak in India: State-wise
Below is a list of mountain ranges in India along with the state in which they are located and their heights:
|West Champaran District
|Border of Manipur and Nagaland
|Border of Telangana and Chhattisgarh
Interesting Facts About the Himalayas
The Himalayas have a tropical as well as an alpine climate. The climate of the Himalayas is mostly influenced by the Indian monsoon, which occurs from mid-June to the end of September. From the extreme eastern Himalayas to the western Himalayas, the weather becomes drier and drier because the influence of the monsoon is less.
Due to the absence of rain, the southern side of the mountain has a fertile and humid environment, while the northern side is warmer and drier.
- The tallest peaks in the world
- The smallest mountain range on Earth
- Diverse ecosystems
- Cultural and religious importance
- Mysterious yeti legends
- Tourist attraction
- Birthplace of the Great Rivers
- A challenge for mountaineers
- The ever-changing landscape
- Cultivation at high altitudes
- The biodiversity is incredible
The Indian plain may retain monsoon rains, thanks to the Himalayan mountain ranges. There is only a limited amount of rain on the Tibetan Plateau. The glaciers and snowfields high above the Himalayas are the source of most of Asia’s major rivers, including the Indus, Ganges, and Yarlung Tsangpo. Many endangered species live in the forest near the southern foot of the Himalayas, including the snow leopard, wild yak, Himalayan blue sheep, and others.
The importance of the Himalayas
- Many of the rivers that are a great source of water for the Indian subcontinent originate in the Himalayas. It is home to many medicinal plants.
- They prevent dry winds. It also serves as a barrier to the Indian Ocean monsoons from crossing into the northern countries.
The Himalayas are the result of the movements of tectonic plates that collided between India and Tibet. Due to the large amount of tectonic movement that continues to occur at the site, the Himalayas experience a relatively high number of earthquakes and tremors.
Kangchenjunga (8,586 meters) is the highest peak in India.
Nanda Devi is the second-highest mountain in India.
The Barbertown Greenstone Belt or Makhonjwa Mountains is the oldest mountain range in the world.
The Kanchenjunga mountain range is not only the third-highest mountain in the world but also a sacred entity in Sikkim. Its five peaks symbolize the five treasures: gold, silver, precious stones, food grains, and religious texts.