Modern Indian History GK Questions and Answers

Modern Indian History Quiz: One of the oldest and most important civilizations in world history originated in the Indian subcontinent, a large landmass in South Asia, and India is a country with a rich cultural heritage. Candidates aspiring to appear for various competitive examinations should know that the History section forms an integral part of their preparation. Exams like UPSC Civil Service, SSC CGL, IBPS PO, etc. ask many questions from the Modern Indian History section and hence candidates must prepare strongly for this subject.

GK Questions Related to Modern Indian History

Check below for important questions and answers on Indian history including ancient, medieval, and modern history. Indian History plays an important role in all competitive exams and these practice packs will help you prepare for the exams. Questions will continue to be added from time to time to help you stay updated with the latest 2024 trends in modern Indian history.

If you also have some questions related to modern Indian history, you can post them in the comment section.


Q. By the Act of 1858, India was to be governed under whom?

Answer: In the name of the Crown

Q. Who among the following persuaded Mahatma Gandhi to allow women to join the Salt Satyagraha movement?

Answer: Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay

Q. Which of the following books was authored by Mahatma Gandhi?

Answer: Hind Swaraj

Q. Which of the following treaties brought an end to the independent existence of Peshwa Baji Rao-II?

Answer: Treaty of Bassein

Q. The popular sword dance in the Kumaun region of Uttarakhand is called-

Answer: Chholiya

Q. ‘Do or Die’ is the famous slogan of which Congress leader?

Answer: Mahatma Gandhi

Q. The first woman to become a Chief Minister of any State in India was?

Answer: Sucheta Kripalani

Q. Where was Bahadur Shah II exiled after the failure of the Revolt of 1857?

Answer: Rangoon

Q. In 1953, under whose chairmanship was the first OBC Commission formed?

Answer: Kaka Kalelkar

Q. Who is regarded as the ‘father of modern India’?

Answer: Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Q. Who was the first Indian to go into space?

Answer: Rakesh Sharma

Q. The resolution of the Quit India Movement was passed in which of the following cities?

Answer: Bombay

Q. Muslim communalism was lent an impetus by the activities of?

Answer: Sayyid Ahmad Khan

Q. Simon Commission was sent to India in 1928, at that time who was the Prime Minister of Britain?

Answer: Stanley Baldwin

Q. Who introduced the permanent revenue settlement of Bengal?

Answer: Lord Cornwallis

Q. During the first Carnatic War, the French Governor-General of Pondicherry was?

Answer: Dupleix

Q. Who founded Prarthana Samaj?

Answer: Atmaram pandurang

Q. The first meeting of the Indian National Congress was held in Bombay in 1885 AD under the leadership of

Answer: Vyomesh Chandra Banerjee

Q. When was Delhi made the capital of India?

Answer: 1912

Q. In which year, the Danish East India Company was formed?

Answer: 1616

Read also – Medieval Indian History Quiz with Answers

Important figures in the history of modern India

Here is a list of some of the most influential figures in modern Indian history:

Mahatma GandhiLeader of the non-violent freedom movement
Jawaharlal NehruIndia’s first Prime Minister
Sardar PatelUnified India after partition
B. R. AmbedkarArchitect of the Indian Constitution
Subhas Chandra BoseLeader of the Indian National Army
Rajendra PrasadFirst President of India
Maulana Abul Kalam AzadProminent freedom fighter and scholar
C. RajagopalachariIndia’s last Governor-General
Bhagat SinghRevolutionary martyr
Indira GandhiIndia’s first female Prime Minister
Rajiv GandhiPrime Minister with a modern vision
V. P. SinghImplemented Mandal Commission
Atal Bihari VajpayeeNotable Prime Minister
Manmohan SinghArchitect of economic reforms
Narendra ModiCurrent Prime Minister (2014-)

Important Points of Modern Indian History

Modern Indian history refers to the history of India from the mid-to-late 18th century to the present. The history of India can be dated back to 5,300 years ago. Modern Indian history is considered to be that of 1850 onwards. British rule in India occupied a large part of India’s modern history. In this chapter, we will learn about the modern history of India, i.e. British rule, freedom struggle, independence, etc.

India’s modern history bears witness to great leaders driving change. The history has been revealed quarterly and that is the approach in this section.

  • Decline of the Mongol Empire
  • The emergence of Britain as a central control authority
  • Dissatisfaction with foreign rule
  • Nationalist and independence movements
  • Building a new nation under Nehru
  • Wars with Pakistan and China
  • Liberalization and globalization
  • Great progress despite the challenges
  • Birth of the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1885
  • Partition of Bengal in 1905
  • Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919
  • Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920
  • Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930
  • Government of India Act, 1935
  • World War II
  • Indian Independence Act, 1947
  • Partition of India in 1947
  • 1962 Indochina War
  • The Green Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s
  • Emergency in 1975
  • 1993 Mumbai bombings
  • Kargil War of 1999
  • 2002 Gujarat riots
  • 11/26 Mumbai terrorist attacks in 2008
  • Anna Hazare movement in 2011
  • Abrogation of Article 370 of 2019
  • Covid-19 pandemic
  • And more

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